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BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS (page 2)

The following is a detailed listing of biological materials, provided by the American Type Culture Collection, which were exported to agencies of the government of Iraq pursuant to the issuance of an export licensed by the U.S. Commerce Department:

(Source--http://www.chronicillnet.org/PGWS/Tuite/CHAPTER1.HTM; Chapter 1. Iraqi Chemical and Biological Warfare Capability.)

Date : February 8, 1985

Sent to : Iraq Atomic Energy Agency

Materials Shipped:

Ustilago nuda (Jensen) Rostrup

 

Date : February 22, 1985

Sent to : Ministry of Higher Education

Materials Shipped:

Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum (ATCC 32136)

 

Class III pathogen

Date : July 11, 1985

Sent to : Middle and Near East Regional A

Materials Shipped:

Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum (ATCC 32136)

Class III pathogen

Date : May 2, 1986

Sent to : Ministry of Higher Education

Materials Shipped:

1. Bacillus Anthracis Cohn (ATCC 10)

Batch # 08-20-82 (2 each)

Class III pathogen.

2. Bacillus Subtilis (Ehrenberg) Cohn (ATCC 82)

Batch # 06-20-84 (2 each)

3. Clostridium botulinum Type A (ATCC 3502)

Batch# 07-07-81 (3 each)

Class III Pathogen

4. Clostridium perfringens (Weillon and Zuber) Hauduroy, et al (ATCC 3624) Batch# 10-85SV (2 each)

5. Bacillus subtilis (ATCC 6051)

Batch# 12-06-84 (2 each)

6. Francisella tularensis var. tularensis Olsufiev (ATCC 6223)Batch# 05-14-79 (2 each)

Avirulent, suitable for preparations of diagnostic antigens.

7. Clostridium tetani (ATCC 9441)

Batch# 03-84 (3 each)

Highly toxigenic.

8. Clostridium botulinum Type E (ATCC 9564)

Batch# 03-02-79 (2 each)

Class III pathogen

9. Clostridium tetani (ATCC 10779)

Batch# 04-24-84S (3 each)

10. Clostridium perfringens (ATCC 12916)

Batch# 08-14-80 (2 each)

Agglutinating type 2.

11. Clostridium perfringens (ATCC 13124)

Batch# 07-84SV (3 each)

Type A, alpha-toxigenic, produces lecithinase C.J. Appl.

12. Bacillus Anthracis (ATCC 14185)

Batch# 01-14-80 (3 each)

G.G. Wright (Fort Detrick) V770-NP1-R. Bovine anthrax,

Class III pathogen

13. Bacillus Anthracis (ATCC 14578)

Batch# 01-06-78 (2 each)

Class III pathogen.

14. Bacillus megaterium (ATCC 14581)

Batch# 04-18-85 (2 each)

15. Bacillus megaterium (ATCC 14945)

Batch# 06-21-81 (2 each)

16. Clostridium botulinum Type E (ATCC 17855)

Batch# 06-21-71

Class III pathogen.

17. Bacillus megaterium (ATCC 19213)

Batch# 3-84 (2 each)

18. Clostridium botulinum Type A (ATCC 19397)

Batch# 08-18-81 (2 each)

Class III pathogen

19. Brucella abortus Biotype 3 (ATCC 23450)

Batch# 08-02-84 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

20. Brucella abortus Biotype 9 (ATCC 23455)

Batch# 02-05-68 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

21. Brucella melitensis Biotype 1 (ATCC 23456)

Batch# 03-08-78 (2 each)

Class III pathogen

22. Brucella melitensis Biotype 3 (ATCC 23458)

Batch# 01-29-68 (2 each)

Class III pathogen

23. Clostridium botulinum Type A (ATCC 25763)

Batch# 8-83 (2 each)

Class III pathogen

24. Clostridium botulinum Type F (ATCC 35415)

Batch# 02-02-84 (2 each)

Class III pathogen

Date : August 31, 1987

Sent to : State Company for Drug Industries

Materials Shipped:

1. Saccharomyces cerevesiae (ATCC 2601)

Batch# 08-28-08 (1 each)

2. Salmonella choleraesuis subsp. choleraesuis Serotype typhi (ATCC 6539) Batch# 06-86S (1 each)

3. Bacillus subtillus (ATCC 6633)

Batch# 10-85 (2 each)

4. Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae (ATCC 10031)

Batch# 08-13-80 (1 each)

5. Escherichia coli (ATCC 10536)

Batch# 04-09-80 (1 each)

6. Bacillus cereus (11778)

Batch# 05-85SV (2 each)

7. Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 12228)

Batch# 11-86s (1 each)

8. Bacillus pumilus (ATCC 14884)

Batch# 09-08-80 (2each)

Date : July 11, 1988

Sent to : Iraq Atomic Energy Commission

Materials Shipped:

1. Escherichia coli (ATCC 11303)

Batch# 04-87S

Phage host

2. Cauliflower Mosaic Caulimovirus (ATCC45031)

Batch# 06-14-85

Plant virus

3. Plasmid in Agrobacterium Tumefaciens (ATCC37349)

(Ti plasmid for co-cultivation with plant integration vectors in E. Coli)

Batch# 05-28-85

Date : April 26, 1988

Sent to : Iraq Atomic Energy Commission

Materials Shipped:

1. Hulambda4x-8, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s) X q26.1 (ATCC 57236) Phage vector; Suggested host: E.coli

2. Hulambda14-8, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s): X q26.1 (ATCC 57240) Phage vector; Suggested host: E.coli

 

3. Hulambda15, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s) X q26.1 (ATCC 57242) Phage vector; Suggested host: E.coli

Date : August 31, 1987

Sent to : Iraq Atomic Energy Commission

Materials Shipped:

1. Escherichia coli (ATCC 23846)

Batch# 07-29-83 (1 each)

2. Escherichia coli (ATCC 33694)

Batch# 05-87 (1 each)

Date : September 29, 1988

Sent to : Ministry of Trade

Materials Shipped:

1. Bacillus anthracis (ATCC 240)

Batch#05-14-63 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

2. Bacillus anthracis (ATCC 938)

Batch#1963 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

3. Clostridium perfringens (ATCC 3629)

Batch#10-23-85 (3 each)

4. Clostridium perfringens (ATCC 8009)

Batch#03-30-84 (3 each)

 

5. Bacillus anthracis (ATCC 8705)

Batch# 06-27-62 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

6. Brucella abortus (ATCC 9014)

Batch# 05-11-66 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

7. Clostridium perfringens (ATCC 10388)

Batch# 06-01-73 (3 each)

8. Bacillus anthracis (ATCC 11966)

Batch# 05-05-70 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

9. Clostridium botulinum Type A

Batch# 07-86 (3 each)

Class III pathogen

10. Bacillus cereus (ATCC 33018)

Batch# 04-83 (3 each)

11. Bacillus ceres (ATCC 33019)

Batch# 03-88 (3 each)

Date : January 31, 1989

Sent to : Iraq Atomic Energy Commission

Materials Shipped:

1. PHPT31, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s) X q26.1 (ATCC 57057)

2. plambda500, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase pseudogene (HPRT) Chromosome(s): 5 p14-p13 (ATCC 57212)

Date : January 17, 1989

Sent to : Iraq Atomic Energy Commission

Materials Shipped:

1. Hulambda4x-8, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s) X q26.1 (ATCC 57237) Phage vector; Suggested host: E.coli

2. Hulambda14, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s): X q26.1 (ATCC 57240) Cloned from human lymphoblast

Phage vector; Suggested host: E.coli

3. Hulambda15, clone: human hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) Chromosome(s) X q26.1 (ATCC 57241) Phage vector; Suggested host: E.coli

 

Additionally, the Centers for Disease Control has compiled a listing of biological materials shipped to Iraq prior to the Gulf War. The listing covers the period from October 1, 1984 (when the CDC began keeping records) through October 13, 1993. The following materials with biological warfare significance were shipped to Iraq during this period:(56)

Date : November 28, 1989

Sent to : University of Basrah, College of Science, Department of Biology

Materials Shipped:

1. Enterococcus faecalis

2. Enterococcus faecium

3. Enterococcus avium

4. Enterococcus raffinosus

5. Enterococcus gallinarium

 

6. Enterococcus durans

7. Enterococcus hirae

8. Streptococcus bovis (etiologic)

Date : April 21, 1986

Sent to : Officers City Al-Muthanna, Quartret 710, Street 13, Close 69 House 28/I, Baghdad, Iraq

Materials Shipped:

1. 1 vial botulinum toxoid (non-infectious)

Date : March 10, 1986

Sent to : Officers City Al-Muthanna, Quartret 710, Street 13, Close 69 House 28/I, Baghdad, Iraq

Materials Shipped:

1. 1 vial botulinum toxoid #A2 (non-infectious)

Date : June 25, 1985

Sent to : University of Baghdad, College of Medicine , Department of Microbiology

Materials Shipped:

1. 3 yeast cultures (etiologic)

Candida sp.

Date : May 21. 1985

Sent to : Basrah, Iraq

Materials Shipped:

1. Lyophilized arbovirus seed

(etiologic)

 

2. West Nile Fever Virus

Date : April 26, 1985

Sent to : Minister of Health, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq

Materials Shipped:

1. 8 vials antigen and antisera (r. rickettsii and r. typhi) to diagnose rickettsial infections (non-infectious)

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